Tuesday, 23 February 2016

Apa itu tenses?

Tenses
Tenses adalah sebuah konsep untuk menunjukkan masa, kesinambungan,  sesuatu yang telah tamat secara total, tindakan atau keadaan berkait dengan masa ianya digunakan(ketika bercakap/berbual).
Ramai yg keliru bentuk2 masa, cara guna dan makna tenses itu sendiri. English ada 12 bentuk masa yg terdiri dari 3 bentuk masa utama:
Masa/time:
past = waktu yg telah berlalu
present = sekarang atau sesuatu yg sedang dilakukan setiap hari/kebiasaan
future = masa akan datang
Terdapat 2 aspek dlm bentuk masa ini:
Progressive:
tindakan yang belum selesai
Perfective:
Tindakan atau keadaan yg telah selesai/tamat.
progressive aspek membawa "continuous" tenses iaitu:
past continuous
present continuous
future continuous
perfective membawa "perfect tense":
past perfect
present perfect
future perfect
Bila 2 aspek ini digabung, kita akan dapat :
past perfect continuous
present perfect continuous
future perfect continuous.
Contoh:
Present simple:
I do
Present continuous:
I am doing
Present perfect:
I have done
Present perfect continuous:
I have been doing this
Past simple tense:
I did
Past continuous:
I was doing
Past perfect:
I had done
Past perfect continuous:
I have been doing
Future simple:
I will do
Future continuous:
I will be doing
Future perfect:
I will have done
Future perfect continuous:
I will have been doing

Monday, 15 February 2016

Have been atau had been?

Apa beza have been dan has been?
Have been
Have been digunakan bila anda memulakan sesuatu dimasa lalu dan masih berlaku hingga sekarang.
I have been waiting for you since 7am.
I have been searching for my keys.
I have been so tired lately.
(Has been digunakan utk he/she/it)
Had been
Had been digunakan apabila sesuatu berlaku sebelum sesuatu yg lain dimasa lalu atau sesuatu yg telah tamat dimasa lalu.
I had been living in JB before I moved to KL.
I had been to New York 8 years ago.
I had been working for abc management for 5 years until I received another offer.
Choose have been, has been or had been.
1. I _ waiting for 2 hours before he arrived.
2. I _ taking the 8am train since April.
3.They _ enjoying the weather in Spain this last few days.
4. I _ cooking since 5pm for dinner.
5. I _ given the opportunity to work in Singapore, but I declined.
6. I _ reading this thriller book when I found an even better one.
7. I _ so worried until I received a call from Mike.
8. We _ going in circles for the past 30minutes to find the clinic.
9. He _ very helpful with the project.
10. It _ raining nonstop since Tuesday.
Answers:
1)had been 2)have been 3)have been 4)have been
5)had been 6)had been
7)had been 8)have been
9)has been 10)has been

Friday, 5 February 2016

Bila nak guna much dan bila nak guna many?


When to use much and when to use many?
●Kita gunakan much utk uncountable noun (kata benda yang tidak boleh dikira)
- milk, sugar, money, time
●Kita gunakan many utk countable noun (boleh dikira)
- minutes,  ringgit, bottles of milk, can of drinks

Example:
How much money does he have?
How many hours does it take to go to London?

Choose many or much.
1. How _  brothers do you have?
2.How _ cars were stolen last year?
3. How _ coffee do you drink a day?
4. How _ money does he need?
5. How _ cats do they have?
6. How _apples did you buy?
7. How _ trees are there in the park?
8. How _clothes should I bring?
9. How _ paintings does he have?
10. We saw _ animals at the zoo.


Answers:
1.many 2.many 3.much 4.much 5.many 6.many
7.many 8.much 9.many 10.many